The term ‘Vaastu’ is derived from Sanskrit which means “Bhumi or Earth”. Vaastu Shastra (the science of Earth) states that every material in the universe radiates some energy at its own specific frequencies which energy may be positive or negative. While Positive energy is beneficial negative energy is said to be harmful. Vaastu shastra aims at maximizing the accumulation of positive energy around the humans and minimize the negative energy. Positive Energy can be concentrated in different shapes and forms by using positive materials for construction. The proper alignment of building with proportionate sizes harmonizes the energy and gives peace of mind to those who live in that premises. In short Vaastu harmonizes the cosmic forces and makes a pleasant environment to live-in.
Vaastu is believed to be bridging human beings and nature. The adoption of Vaastu enables us to reap the benefits from the power and influence of the Natural forces such as sunlight, moonlight , wind , magnetic field, gravitation force, etc.,
Traditional history of Vaastu:
Historical ascriptions quote that the foundation for Vastu was laid by the sage Mamuni Mayan and Vishvakarman in India. Vastu has its inscriptions in different epics like Matsya Purana, Skanda Purana, Agni Purana, Garuda Purana and Vishnu Purana.
When Lord Shiva fighting with Demon called Andhakasura, his sweat falls on the ground. Out of this the demon Vastupurusha born. Birth of Vaastu purusha is traced back to Kritayuga. Being hungry he started devouring everything. The demon who started growing gigantically in all directions created panic among the Asta-digpalakas who feared their existence itself. Hence they prayed Lord Brahma for help. The creator Brahma suggested the Asta-digpalakas to force the demon to fall on his face by applying pressure from behind. Overwhelmed by the suggestion the Asta-digpalakas attacked the demon from behind, forcibly folded his hands and made him fall down on his knees and bent him, thus capturing him in the crawling position as shown in the fig. below. Then the demon, in turn, prayed to Lord Brahma, who appeared before him and granted a boon saying that he would henceforth be known as ‘Vaastupurusha’ and assured him of immortality as long as his creation existed. The creator Brahma explained that the demon was to shower happiness on anyone who offered prayers to him before starting the construction of any building.
Vaastu Purusha Mandala :
The Vaastu shastra is based on the body position of the ‘Vaastupurusha’ and the places of the ‘Asta-digpalakas’.
North East : The place of the Vaastu purusha‘s head is called “Eshanya” . The position of Lord Shiva.
East : The place of the Vaastu purusha’s Right hand is called “Poorva” . The position of Lord Indra .
South East : The place of the Vaastu purusha’s Right Knee is called “Agneya” . The position of Lord Agni .
South : The place of the Vaastu purusha’s Right thigh is called “Dhakshina” . The position of Lord Yama.
South west : The place of the Vaastu purusha’s feet along with the seat is called “Niruthya” . The position of demon Niruthi (Asura).
West : The place of the Vaastu purusha’s Left thigh is called “Paschima” . The position of Lord Varuna.
North west: The place of the Vaastu purusha’s Left Knee is called “Vayuvya” . The position of Lord Vayu.
North : The place of the Vaastu purusha’s Left hand is called “Uttara” . The position of Lord Kubhera.
The 5 elements in Vaastu :
The Whole universe made up of 5 basic elements i.e water, fire, earth, air and the sky.
According to Vaastu shastra, these elements are properly accommodating in our site and building as follows.
Water : North-east portion of the site is known as “Jalasthana” (place of Water). Hence the Underground water tank (Sump), Drilling of bore well should be done here for happiness and prosperity of the owner.
Fire : South-east portion of the site is known as “ Agnisthana”. (place of fire). Hence the place of fire, Kitchen and any other places related to fire should be constructed here. Then the fire should be lit facing east even while cooking, and lighting the lamp for God.
Earth : South-west portion of the site is known as “Niruthya” (heaviest part) . Hence the higher part of the building should be constructed here for the fame and fortune of the Owner.
Wind : North-west portion of the site is known as “ Vayusthana”. (place of wind). Hence the opening of the building like Windows and Ventilators are to be done here. Then owner of the site can experience happiness, improvements in business and good friends.
Sky : The centre portion of the Building is known as “ Brahmasthana”.( place of open to sky). Hence the center of the building should be kept open to sky or free from heavy weight.